Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
The undergraduate medical programme, MBBS, started in 1978 in Nepal. Tribhuvan University is The oldest institution in Nepal who run this programme . MBBS in Nepal is Equivalent with MD Degree in United States , MBBCh in UK .
The programme admits 43 Nepalese students and foreigners as pass the criteria met by IOM. Students each academic year into four and a half-year’s course of study divided into three phases; in addition, it has a year of compulsory rotating internship, thus totaling the programme of five and a half years duration.
Medical education is community orientated, based on integrated and problem based learning. The curriculum thus reflects innovation in undergraduate medical education. Early exposure of the learners to community medicine and beside medical science and medical ethics clinical teaching not only helps learners to make them aware of the importance of the course of study, but also enables them to become motivated towards self-learning. Placement in the community surrounding that are located in the mountain, the hills and the plains of Nepal gives ample opportunities to learners to be accustomed to the reality that exists in the community and prevents them from the reality shock, on being posted to the real-life situation after graduation.
The MBBS programme enables the learner:
- To inculcate the competencies in cognitive, psychomotor and affective domains.
- To be competent to manage health care at district hospital of Nepal
- To identify complicated health related problems.
- To refer them to the appropriate health institutions in the country.
Course of Study
During the two-year First Phase, community medicine, basic medical sciences, medical ethics and clinical exposure take place, at the end of which a student must pass in all the papers of the first phase to be eligible to be promoted to the second phase.
Final examination take place at the end of two-year phase. Students are required to pass system assessment in order to write yearly final examinations. Supplementary examination shall be held after six weeks from the date of the publication of the result of the first phase terminal examination, and the students who fail in the first attempt can take the supplementary examination. Should one become unsuccessful even in the supplementary examination then, one has to take the next chance of examination by appearing in the subsequent annual examination which is held after a year with regular batch of students. No student shall be promoted to the second phase without passing in all the papers of the first phase.
The second phase is of one-year duration; students study forensic medicine, community medicine and clinical disciplines. The clinical ward placement with theoretical teaching commences in this phase and helps them to acquire competencies during the third phase of one and a half years.
The second phase students take final examination in forensic medicine and applied epidemiology and family health exercise.
In the third phase, in addition to theoretical teaching and bed-side clinical teaching a nine-week community placement take place; following this there is junior internship during the last six months of rotarion.
After the third phase the students take the final examination in all the clinical disciplines.
Students passing the final MBBS examination must undertake compulsory rotating internship of one year after which s/he can register with the Nepal medical Council and practice allopathic system of medicine in Nepal.
The medical graduate qualify for the eighteen postgraduate programmes that Maharajgunj Campus runs today. The MBBS degree is recognized by the Medical Councils of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sir-Lanka. Some of the medical graduates of IOM have already pursued post-graduate education in Japan, Bangladesh; some are undertaking postgraduate education in Thailand, Sri-Lanka, Pakistan, Australia and the united States of America. A few of the graduates have successfully passed the FRCS part one and examinations of the Royal College of Surgeon of Edinburgh.
Those having passed the proficiency certificate in Medical Science under Tribhuvan University academic programme of two and a half years with Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology and English or proficiency certificate in general science with Physics, Chemistry, botany, Zoology and English or 10+2 or Higher Secondary or equivalent academic programmes with Physics, Chemistry, Botany Zoology and English of Tribhuvan University Boards recognized by it with fifty percent aggregate mark, can apply into the programme. All must take the entrance examination prior to selection for the course.